Emotional changes are common symptoms of pregnancy. These changes may involve exhilaration to exhaustion, joy to depression, or happiness to sadness. Some refer to these shifts in emotions as mood swings.
What causes morning sickness during pregnancy?
Mood swings or emotional changes are triggered by the rapid increase of hormones. Additionally, emotional changes or vulnerability to changes are affected by physical stress and fatigue related to the constant changes and demands of pregnancy.
When does morning sickness occur during pregnancy?
Mood swings and emotional changes are most commonly experienced during the first trimester when the hormones are increasing the greatest.
How frequently does morning sickness occur?
Most women report that they experience a greater sensitivity and vulnerability to changes in their emotion. The extent to the shifts easily varies from woman to woman and even between pregnancies for the same individual.
Cunningham, F., MD; Leveno, K., MD; Bloom, S., MD; Hauth, J., MD; Gilstrap, L., MD; and Wenstrom, K., MD, Williams Obstetrics 22nd ed.,
Duff, P., MD, Edwards, R., MD,
Scott, J., MD; Gibbs, R., MD; Karlan, B., MD; and Haney, A., MD, Danforth’s Obstetrics and Gynecology, 9th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,
Crombleholme, W., MD, “Obstetrics,” Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2003, 42nd ed.,
DeCherney, A., MD, and Nathan, L., MD, Current Obstetric & Gynecologic Diagnosis & Treatment, 9th;
Harms, R., MD, Mayo Clinic Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy,
Bankowski, B. MD., Hearne, A. MD, Lambrou, N. MD, Fox, H. MD, and Wallach, E. MD, The Johns Hopkins Manual of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2nd ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2002.
Beck, W., MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, B.I. Waverly Pvt., Ltd.,
Johnson, R., MD, Mayo Clinic Book of Pregnancy & Baby’s First Year, William Morrow and Company, Inc., New York, 1994.