Symptoms of Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition that is frequently overlooked because the symptoms are generica and often considered as harmless or benign.  If you have diabetes in your history and are experiencing any of the following symptoms, it is a good idea to consult your healthcare provider.  Here is a list of the basic symptoms of diabetes:
Some diabetes symptoms include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Significant hunger
  • Unusual or unexplained weight loss
  • Increased prevalence of fatigue
  • Blurry Vision
  • Increase in irritability

The good news is that if you discover diabetes early there are effective treatments that can improve your chances of avoiding the complications of diabetes.So, if you are experiencing the above symptoms, contact your healthcare provider.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

The symptoms of diabetes for both Type 1 and Type 2 are similar.  In either condition there is an over abundance of glucose in the blood and a shortage in the cells of your body.

Here is a list of the symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes:

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Increased fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurry vision

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

The symptoms of diabetes for both Type 1 and Type 2 are similar.  In either condition there is an over abundance of glucose in the blood and a shortage in the cells of your body.

Here is a list of the symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes:

  • Blurry vision
  • Cuts or sores that are slow to heal
  • Itchy skin, yeast infections
  • Increased thirst
  • Dry mouth
  • Need to urinate often
  • Leg pain

The difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

The primary difference is that in Type 1 diabetes high glucose levels are accounted for by a lack of insulin because the insulin producing cell have been terminated. Whereas, the Type 2 diabetes happens because the body’s cells have become immune or resistant to the insulin being produced.

How are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes diagnosed?

In most cases the fasting blood glucose test is used to diagnose diabetes either in children or in adults who are not pregnant.  The testing is most effective when it is conducted in the morning.  The good news is that the diagnosis of diabetes can be verified by retesting on a different day.

  • Fasting Glucose Testing:  This test measure your blood glucose level evaluating for 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or more after an 8-hour fast.
  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test: This test measure the blood glucose levels following drinking a beverage with 75 grams of glucose in it.  If there is a glucose level of 200 mg/dL or more 2 hours after drinking this beverage then diabetes is diagnosed.
  • Random Glucose levels: If you have the symptoms of diabetes and any random testing at any point of the day delivers a blood glucose level of 200 mg/dL or more, then diabetes is diagnosed.

What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes is diagnosed based on blood glucose levels measured during the OGTT. Glucose levels are normally lower during pregnancy, so the cutoff levels for diagnosis of diabetes in pregnancy are lower. Blood glucose levels are measured before a woman drinks a beverage containing glucose. Then levels are checked 1, 2, and 3 hours afterward. If a woman has two blood glucose levels meeting or exceeding any of the following numbers, she has gestational diabetes: a fasting blood glucose level of 95 mg/dL, a 1-hour level of 180 mg/dL, a 2-hour level of 155 mg/dL, or a 3-hour level of 140 mg/dL.